Samburu National Reserve is located north of Nairobi, and was established in the 1970's. Samburu National Reserve is adjacent to the Buffalo Springs National Reserve. Samburu Reserve is 40 square miles in size; Temperature during the day is refreshingly hot, especially if you had a rough winter in your home country, but tends to cool during the night. This area of the region to this date is referred to as the Northern Frontier District because of the war in the 1960's and early 70's with the Somali people. Culturally, Northern Kenya has always had a strong influence of Somali, Galla and Borana communities/tribes, who have been nomads for many centuries.
Samburu National Reserve can be entered via the Ngare Mare and Buffalo Springs gates. Once inside the reserve, there are two mountains visible: Koitogor and Ololokwe. Samburu National Reserve is very peaceful, and attracts animals because of River Uaaso Nyiro (meaning "brown water" and pronounced U-aa-so-Nyee-ro) that runs through it and the mixture of acacia, riverine forest, thorn trees and grass vegetation. The Uaaso Nyiro flows from the Kenyan highlands, and completes down stream at the famous Lorian Swamp. The natural serenity that is evident here is because of its distance from development, industries and inaccessibility of the reserve for many years.
There is a wide variety of animal and bird life seen at Samburu National Reserve. Animals commonly seen are elephants, lions, cheetahs, grevy's zebras, giraffes, gerenuks, buffalos, Oryx, grants gazelles, dikdiks and waterbucks. Unfortunately, all the rhino population was eliminated here because of heavy poaching. There are over 350 varieties of birds. These include the famous Somali Ostriches (distinguished by their unique purple/blue legs during mating season), kingfishers, humming birds, eagles, guinea fowls and vultures.
The Uaaso Nyiro River's magnificent displays are the long and huge crocodiles. The famous Samburu Game Lodge, and its crocodile bar offers the chance to get within kissing distance of these man eaters, with only a foot high fence keeping them from nibbling on one's toes. These crocodiles exceed six meters (20 feet) from snout to tail. Some of the crocodiles from the river were moved to the crocodile reserve in Mombasa Mamba Village.
Wildlife Sanctuary size 104 sq km
Offers unique vistas of rounded, rugged hills and undulating plains. The mix of wood and grassland with riverine forest and swamp home to a wide variety of animal and birdlife, Buffalo Springs records over 365 species of bird. Game viewing and visibility is excellent: Reticulated Giraffe, Grevy's Zebra, elephant, oryx, Somali Ostrich, hippo, crocodile, gerenuk, buffalo, lion, leopard, cheetah and hyena.